Geografisk tillgänglighet i den lokala turistplaneringen

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Kerstin Robertson

This study examined the potential for developing a model based on GIS (Geographical information system) that can objectively represent geographical accessibility for tourists in a destination and that can be used as planning support. Geographical accessibility is affected by for example changes of locations and the availability of transportation within the destination. Model development was performed through a specific case study, but the design of the model and the data used are generally applicable to different destinations. The model is based on information about the location of travel centres, tourist accommodation and various visit points, and the opportunities for transportation between these points. Walking, bus and taxi were included in the present analysis.

In the model, the accessibility of specified accommodation areas and also of the entire destination is calculated in the form of indicators and indices, and can be presented in figures and maps. The estimated geographical accessibility indicators and indices are dependent on the distance between accommodation and visit points and by choice, quality and cost of transportation between accommodation and visit point. Examples of measures that can increase the accessibility are strategic location of visit points, additional options and improved quality of travel options, as well as lower travel costs. The model reflects such changes in estimated indicators and indices.

Calculations using the model of the effects on geographical accessibility of changes in destinations, such as relocations, location of visit points and accommodation, can provide valuable support in planning for improved sustainability. A guide to perform an analysis of geographical availability within a destination is provided.

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