Frånfartskapacitet i cirkulationsplatser: effekter av korsande gång- och cykelflöden

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Amritpal Singh
Mikhail Bolbat

In the evaluation of capacity and level of service at intersections, there is a need to investigate the impact of pedestrians and cyclists flows on vehicle traffic and vice versa. This is especially important at roundabouts, as vehicles that turn right to exit the roundabout must give way ‘yield’ to crossing pedestrians and bicycles, which sometimes creates queue spillbacks of vehicles into the circulating roadway. The current capacity calculation method in the Swedish Transport Administration "capacity manual" (TRVMB) does not take into account such impact and considers pedestrians and cyclists traffic crossing only at the approaching lanes at roundabouts.

This report presents a study with the purpose of identifying and investigating methods that can take into account capacity reduction effects of crossing pedestrians and cyclists flows at roundabouts. This is in order to bridge the shortcomings that exist in the current method. It is important that interactions between drivers and other road users are included in the chosen method. The method(s) that are interesting to study further are the methods that can take into account crossing pedestrians and cyclists traffic in approaching and exiting lanes at roundabouts. In addition, the chosen method must consider different yielding behavior for vehicles, pedestrian and bicycle traffic. Critical time gap based methods have difficulties when pedestrians and cyclists traffic is taken into account in the model because of varying compliance with priority rules.

The literature study resulted in four potential methods for modelling the effects of crossing pedestrians and cyclists on exiting lanes at roundabouts. One of the methods (Wu 2001) has been applied for both Japanese conditions (Kang and Nakamura 2014, Kang, Nakamura et al. 2014) and German conditions (Wu and Brilon 2017, Wu and Brilon 2018). Of these two applications of Wu’s theory, the application of Wu and Brilon (the so-called conflict technique) is the most promising and appropriate regarding the shortcomings of the current method in Capcal.

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