Framtidens beskattning av vägtransporter

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The state revenues from taxation of road traffic will decrease as the phasing out of fossil fuels begins. The purpose of the report is to elucidate the consequences of this transition on the basis of two general principles of taxation; taxes that are intended to pay for public activities and taxes that are levied to reduce the amount of external effects. A key conclusion is that also vehicles that do not use fossil fuels should be taxed to reduce the amount of external effects. The most important such consequences of future traffic consist of the wear and tear of heavy traffic on the roads as well as the congestion that a steadily growing traffic can cause even outside Stockholm and Gothenburg. These taxes will generate revenue to the Treasury, but much indicates that the total tax revenue from road traffic will decrease compared to today. A further result of the analysis is that the state should not levy higher taxes than that provided by the vehicle's marginal costs. If this were to happen, the cost of fossil-free vehicles would increase and the transition to new technologies would slow down.

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Nov

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