Flexibility in contract design: is that possible?

Publisher's full text
Carolina Camén
Malin Aldenius

Public procurement is widely used in order to incorporate competition into public services. Competition in procurement often leads to efficiency but the process can also raise some problems. While providing the procurement documents you do not know who will be your upcoming partner. Another aspect is how flexibility can be managed in contract design while maintaining a high service quality. The aim of this study is twofold. Firstly, the aim is to investigate how flexibility has been expressed and historically described in bus tendering documents. Secondly, to explore how the actors define or describe flexibility and its importance in tendering. Data was collected from ten years of tendering documents in the bus sector in Sweden and from interviews and a workshop. The results showed that flexibility in tendering documents has been and still is low for the operators. However, the actors wish for more flexibility and new forms of contracts can make it easier to include higher degrees of flexibility in future contracts. The paper contributes to the ongoing discussion about how to design contracts and to manage flexibility. The study has potential to create knowledge and contribute to better decision making for future procurement of bus transport.



Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis: European Conference 2020

VTI and Centre for Transport Studies (CTS) at Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) organise Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis: European Conference 2020. 

International Cycling Safety Conference

Swedish Cycling Research Centre, Cykelcentrum, organises together with Lund University the International Cycling Safety Conference, ICSC 2020. The conference is postponed to 10-12  November 2021.



Electric scooters are making their way into the accident statistics

The number of accidents involving electric scooters has increased from a few in 2017 to almost 500 in 2019 (January - October). This was also when electric scooters really made their entrance into Sweden's largest cities.


How can the bus trip be improved for people with ADHD?

People with autism, ADHD and other neuropsychiatric disorders may experience difficulties in using public transport, which limits their opportunities for an active life in terms of school, work and hobbies.


Evolution Road – new electric road tested both inside and out

In the beginning of May, the next-generation electric road was inaugurated in the city of Lund in southern Sweden. Ground based conductive charging technology will be tested on a kilometre long stretch of electric road in the bus lane in Getingevägen. This...


Additional policy instruments are needed to achieve Swedish environmental quality objectives for maritime transport

Achieving the national and international environmental objectives for maritime airborne emissions requires a combination of new and more powerful policy instruments. The policies already in place are not enough. This is one of the conclusions of a research...


Opportunities for a new market in electrified regional flight

Large, electrified aircraft is far off in the future. On the other hand, there may be potential for a new market with smaller regional flights. These are the conclusions of a literature survey made by researchers at VTI.


Need for standards as electric road systems are developed

The need for standardisation is increasing as electric road systems are reaching higher levels of maturity. A large part of the standards for intelligent transport systems (ITS) assessed in a new VTI and SIS study was considered potentially useful for...