Erfarenheter av internationellt godsmodellarbete

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National freight model development and application in Finland, Norway, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands and within the EU has been compiled. This has been done based on questions formulated by the Swedish government agency Transport Analysis. The questions address infrastructure planning, work with the freight models and current development. The responses for the other countries were compared to the Swedish situation, where the Swedish Transport Administration is responsible for the transport forecasts, cost benefit analysis and the development of methods and models.

The review revealed several parallels in terms of need for analysis in the considered countries and the EU. The fact that the same types of fees and regulations are discussed is not surprising given that requirements are determined at the EU or global level. When it comes to infrastructure planning, different countries focus on different aspects according to their geographical location etc. All countries produce aggregated transport forecasts, however, not all countries have the same practice for detailed flow forecasts that are required for cost benefit analysis (to rank projects). In Finland, for example, there are no detailed transport forecasts for the whole country as in Norway and Sweden.

Most of the input data used in the national freight models are derived from transport statistics and economic statistics that are EU-regulated. It is unique for Sweden that three national Commodity Flow Surveys have been carried out. This means more data are collected in Sweden than in most other countries. As we understood, however, the access to data for model development is not assured as before, when SIKA was responsible for both statistics and transport models.

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