Emissioner av slitage- och resuspensionspartiklar i väg- och gatumiljö: litteraturstudie

Download

Particles from wear and resuspension in the road environment are difficult to handle in emission modelling for many reasons. Primary wear emissions are affected by a large number of factors related to material properties, traffic characteristics and temporal and spatial variations in the composition of the vehicle fleet. Estimations made from measurements in ambient air need source apportionment studies, while laboratory tests are made on pinpoint samples taken under non-realistic conditions.

Resuspension depends, apart from the addition of primary wear particles, also on the addition of particles from exhaust and the environment. Road surface characteristics and meteorology are important factors affecting the resuspension process.

This report summarises how some different models handle wear- and resuspension particles and provides an overview of factors affecting the emission of these particles as well as an overview of relevant emission factors. The models considered are the American AP-42, the Swedish Dispersion and the Norwegian VLuft.

The report concludes that it is important that data used for particle emissions from tyres and brakes are as up-to-date as possible, since the composition varies over time. Relatively good data are available and probably generalizable. The situation for pavement wear and resuspension is more complex. These particle sources depend on a large number of factors and are difficult to separate from each other. Model development should therefore focus on pavement wear and resuspension processes. For Swedish conditions the Dispersion model (SMHI), which has great development potential through e.g.  coupling to current maintenance models, is a suitable starting point.

LATEST NEWS


2017-11-30

Millions for research into maritime transport and the environment

Maritime transport is a major source of emissions of harmful air pollutants and carbon dioxide. In a new project, a research team from the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) and the University of Gothenburg has received SEK 6.4...


2017-11-30

New research programme for more efficient travel

The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) is playing an important role in a major new research programme to find radical solutions leading to fewer trips and more efficient travel, along with tools to enable better use of roads and...


2017-11-30

Simulator used to practice emergency responses safely

Emergency responses of the police, ambulance, and rescue services are associated with a high risk of accidents, but practicing them in real traffic is neither safe nor permissible. A simulator-based method developed by the Swedish National Road and Transport...


2017-10-26

Simulation of cut-in by manually driven vehicles in platooning scenarios

A study in a VTI-driving simulator has showed that a platoon will be able to handle a cut in from a manually driven car. The results of this study have recently been presented at two conferences in Japan.


2017-10-16

ERPUG Forum

The five-year anniversary of European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017.


2017-09-29

Self-driving buses in Sweden next year?

A self-driving, fossil-free bus. This idea might become reality through a forthcoming collaborative project involving the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping University and several other participants. The project group aim...