Effektiva omkörningsfält på 2+1-vägar: trafiksimuleringar av olika utformningsalternativ ur ett framkomlighetsperspektiv

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The traffic performance at oncoming lane separated highways with alternating dedicated overtaking lanes (so called 2+1 roads), is dependent on the share of two lane segments (also known as the share of overtaking length). In order to maximize utilization and traffic performance, the configuration of the overtaking lanes should be designed to avoid congestion and delays. Short overtaking lanes implies limited time of queue discharge, but gives frequently recurring possibilities to overtake. Increased lengths of overtaking lanes imply the possibility to overtake several vehicles per overtaking lane, but increases the risk of catching up slower vehicles since the configuration also results in increased lengths of one lane segments.

This report presents a traffic simulation study of how different configurations affects the throughput at 2+1 roads. The results indicate that overtaking lanes between 1 050 and 1 400 meters result in shortest travel time. However, the differences are small (~0.4 seconds/km) and not statistically significant. Thus, the benefit of optimizing the configuration in terms of throughput could be questioned. Based on the results, it becomes reasonable to question the concept of designing 2+1 roads with long overtaking lengths (which corresponds to the recommendations from the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket)). The major risk of catching up a slower vehicle at the one lane segments obviously affects the travel time.

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