Effekt av vinterdäcklagen på däckanvändning och olyckor

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Gudrun Öberg
Hans Velin
Mats Wiklund

The aim of this project is to arrive at a preliminary indication of how the use of tyres and traffic safety were changed when the Law on winter tyres was in force; this Law directs that cars, light lorries and buses, of a total weight not exceeding 3.5 tonnes, shall during the period 1 December-31 March, when travelling on a road, be fitted with winter tyres or similar equipment when winter road conditions prevail. This Law came into force on 1 December 1999.

The use of tyres was investigated at parking sites in Östergötland. Apart from the type of tyre (summer tyres/winter tyres without studs/winter tyres with studs), the year of manufacture, tread depth and stud protrusion were also noted.

The traffic safety effect of the use of different tyres cannot be investigated directly since information concerning tyres is not included in accident data. The effect was therefore investigated by comparing two winters before the introduction of the Law with two winters when the requirement concerning winter tyres was in force. In order to reduce the influence of other changes, control areas were used. In the north of Sweden, practically all cars had winter tyres before the Law. There should therefore be only a small change in tyre use. Northern Sweden can therefore be used as a control area. In order that there should also be a control area in the south, a request was made to Denmark, where there had also been no change in tyre use, if it would be possible to utilise data from there. In order that the effect of the Tyre Law should be further elucidated, the roads in Sweden where a special winter speed limit was in force during the period concerned were also excluded. Southern Sweden up to a line to the north of the counties of Bohuslän and Uppland was therefore used as test areas.  

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