Economic effectiveness of road safety measures: problems of evaluation

Download
Elena Oleshchenko

The following tasks should be tackled when evaluating economic effectiveness of various road safety projects: (1) evaluations of absolute effectiveness of measures; (2) comparative effect (comparison of advantages of one action another); (3) selection of the most effective from the available project of measures. First, however, the following questions should be addressed: (1) What components of effect are to be included in the system evaluation of the project? (2) What unit factors are to be used to measure these components? (3) How should one compare these types of effects one with another and which ones are preferable? (4) How should one use the results of measures and evaluations of effects for decision-making? The main method of decision making in international practice is the cost-benefit analysis, which allows the setting up of priorities in the implementation of measures, and defining the necessary volume of expenditure on these measures. All costs and benefits are expressed in monetary values.

LATEST NEWS


2017-11-30

Millions for research into maritime transport and the environment

Maritime transport is a major source of emissions of harmful air pollutants and carbon dioxide. In a new project, a research team from the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) and the University of Gothenburg has received SEK 6.4...


2017-11-30

New research programme for more efficient travel

The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) is playing an important role in a major new research programme to find radical solutions leading to fewer trips and more efficient travel, along with tools to enable better use of roads and...


2017-11-30

Simulator used to practice emergency responses safely

Emergency responses of the police, ambulance, and rescue services are associated with a high risk of accidents, but practicing them in real traffic is neither safe nor permissible. A simulator-based method developed by the Swedish National Road and Transport...


2017-10-26

Simulation of cut-in by manually driven vehicles in platooning scenarios

A study in a VTI-driving simulator has showed that a platoon will be able to handle a cut in from a manually driven car. The results of this study have recently been presented at two conferences in Japan.


2017-10-16

ERPUG Forum

The five-year anniversary of European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017.


2017-09-29

Self-driving buses in Sweden next year?

A self-driving, fossil-free bus. This idea might become reality through a forthcoming collaborative project involving the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping University and several other participants. The project group aim...