Differentierade marginalkostnader inom järnvägen

Download

In Sweden, pricing within the rail sector should mainly depart from the principles of marginal pricing. The pricing mechanism should be designed so that the negative external effects are compensatedthrough taxes and charges. Today, the track charges are to some extent differentiated, but it is possible to further differentiate the track charges to achieve a better use of the capacity of the railway and to reach a higher level of efficiency in the sector. In this report, the results from three VTI studies on marginal costs within the railway sector are analysed. These studies focus on the cost categories maintenance, renewals and operation. The aim of this report is to break down the results from these studies into smaller groups in order to get an idea of how the track charges could be further differentiated. The analysis will focus on the marginal costs of track sections and segments.The results shows that it could be problematic to differentiate the estimates intothe smallest fraction track section, as well as some of the minor segments. Some of the smaller track sections and segments have negative marginal costs, since the modelseem to fit poorly where traffic volumes are low. It is also clear that there is a need for a more concentrated focus on the marginal costs analyses, since the three studies analysed here are based on somewhat differing data. For example, it would be interesting to include station data in all three studies

MEET US


19-20
Oct

ERPUG 2017

The five year anniversary of  European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017. 

LATEST NEWS


2017-07-05

Vehicle Driver Monitoring: sleepiness and cognitive load

To prevent road crashes it is important to understand driver related contributing factors, which have been suggested to be the critical reason in 94 per cent of crashes. The overall aim of the project Vehicle Driver Monitoring has been to advance the...


2017-06-29

Tomas Svensson new director-general

Tomas Svensson was today appointed Director-General of VTI. Tomas has been acting Director-General since January 2017. 


2017-05-30

Crash testing bicycles at VTI

For the first time single bicycle crashes have been simulated at the VTI crash safety laboratory.


2017-05-15

A case study exploring firefighters’ and municipal officials’ preparedness for electrical vehicles

A VTI-study presents a social perspective on new vehicle technology. It explores the self-reported preparedness of the fire departments (i.e., rescue services) in Sweden’s three largest cities regarding rescue operations involving electrical vehicles (EVs).


2017-05-02

Pioneering research on and about bicycles at VTI

Under what circumstances might cyclists lose tyre grip? What actions could then be taken to prevent a crash? VTI is currently developing a theoretical model of the behaviour of bicycle tyres during braking and steering in different situations and on different...


2017-05-02

Virtual pedestrians create efficient stations

If more people are to choose sustainable travel, then the public transport stations of the future must be designed so that pedestrians can get where they are going quickly, without congestion or queues. The Swedish Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)...