Design Methods for Safety Enhancement Measures on Long Steep Downgrades

Download
Jun-hong Liao
Chun-fu Shao

Restricted by the rolling terrains of mountainous areas in western parts of China, long steep downgrades are very common in mountainous freeways. Influenced by the factors like high altitude, big elevation differences, and the severe weather condition e.g. black ice, heavy snow and thick fog, most long steep downgrades turn to traffic accident prone sites. Moreover, once traffic accident happens, the severity is high and the society influence is wide. So the overall safety level of mountainous freeways has been greatly influenced by the safety level of long steep downgrades. In this paper, the safety classification methods and the general design principles of long steep downgrades and the design principles of safety enhancement measures for different sections of long steep downgrades are put forward based on the investigation of typical long steep downgrades in freeways. Then the methods for the safety enhancement measures design on long steep downgrades according to the safety level are expounded. Moreover, the design process of the safety enhancement measures design is presented. The presented research finding provides an important support for the safety enhancement measures design on long steep downgrades.

MEET US


7
Dec

Shipping and the environment – research meets reality

Centre for Transport Studies (CTS) in co-operation with Ports of Stockholm invite you to the seminar Shipping and the environment – research meets reality.

LATEST NEWS


2017-10-26

Simulation of cut-in by manually driven vehicles in platooning scenarios

A study in a VTI-driving simulator has showed that a platoon will be able to handle a cut in from a manually driven car. The results of this study have recently been presented at two conferences in Japan.


2017-10-16

ERPUG Forum

The five-year anniversary of European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017.


2017-09-29

Self-driving buses in Sweden next year?

A self-driving, fossil-free bus. This idea might become reality through a forthcoming collaborative project involving the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping University and several other participants. The project group aim...


2017-09-29

New climate-proof solutions for hard surfaces in cities

High-density road infrastructure that emphasise maximum durability and minimum maintenance create inflexible systems, which put increased stress on urban trees and lead to increased risk for flooding. Over the past five years, the ‘Climate-proof solutions for...


2017-09-29

VTI is preparing for automated vehicles

Automation of traffic systems will lead to major changes. The European Union’s (EU) CoEXist research project began in June 2017 with the aim of preparing cities and road operators for the introduction of self-driving vehicles. The Swedish National Road and...


2017-07-05

Vehicle Driver Monitoring: sleepiness and cognitive load

To prevent road crashes it is important to understand driver related contributing factors, which have been suggested to be the critical reason in 94 per cent of crashes. The overall aim of the project Vehicle Driver Monitoring has been to advance the...