Cykelcentrum för långsiktighet och excellens: redovisning av regeringsuppdrag

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Research and new knowledge are important parts in achieving the government’s goal more and safer cycling contributing to a sustainable society and a high quality of life throughout the country. VTI was therefore assigned to compile and analyse the needs in cycling research and analyse how cycling research in Sweden can be coordinated and strengthened. The results are presented in this report giving examples of issues related to cycling that need to be scientifically strengthened through basic as well as applied research. This includes, for instance, the practical integration of cycling in traffic- and urban planning and knowledge on effective measures where special needs, prerequisites and barriers in groups of existing and potential cyclists are considered. Research describing cause and effect relationships regarding the design, construction, operation and maintenance of cycling infrastructure is required in order to carry out socioeconomic evaluations of cycling measures. Decisions also need to be based on research in order to prioritise between various types of measures and motivate measures to decision-makers. This also applies to information and campaigns.

To generate cause and effect relationships, cycling and cycling accidents need to be better followed up, and a more detailed description of the cycling road network is required. Moreover, traffic models for cycling need to be developed, and more research about the actual bicycle and its equipment is required. Overall, there is a great need for long-term knowledge building and competence provision, increased coordination of cycling research and a more efficient distribution and application of research findings. To fulfil these needs and create better prerequisites for more research on cycling, it is of great value that a national knowledge centre for cycling research and education has been established at VTI in Linköping, Sweden. At the cycling research centre, the following important tasks should be carried out: Long-term knowledge building, connecting research and problem owners, coordinating research and development, gathering and distributing knowledge, developing technical resources, measurements and measurement methods.

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