Comparing road fatilities on three continents

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CJ Bester

It has been shown in the past that the road fatality rates of differentcountries are dependent on the total vehicle ownership of such counties.Recent research has revealed that the passenger car ownership is a betterpredictor of the fatality rate of a country. This is also the case for thedifferent continents. When comparing the fatality rates of three continents,it was found that there are other socio-economic factors, such as income,illiteracy and life expectancy that also contribute to the large differencesbetween the developed countries of the Northern Hemisphere and the developingcountries of Africa. Accident and fatality rates can be expressed in terms ofthe population, or the vehicle or passenger car population or the roadnetwork of a country. In the paper the comparisons are made for all four ofthese rates and the differences are discussed. The relationships between roadsafety and the different socio-economic variables as applicable to thecountries of the three continents are also shown. Conclusions are maderegarding the reasons for the differences in fatality rates.

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