Capturing generalised cost differences between public transport modes in Stockholm

Download
Juan Manuel Lorenzo Varela
Andrew Daly

Decision makers in many European countries seem to prefer rail over bus services, claiming that travellers prefer services operating on tracks, the preference is referred to as a “rail factor”. This assumption is to some extent supported by Eliasson’s (2016) finding that accessibility by metro increases the property prices of apartments in Stockholm more than accessibility by bus. Nevertheless, common large-scale transport models struggle to capture these effects.

In this paper we show how state-of-practice large-scale models can be enhanced to capture these nuances by modelling public transport modes as different alternatives. Results suggest that differences among public transport alternatives are strongly linked to unobserved attributes. Surprisingly, we found no statistical evidence that differences are proportional to the in-vehicle time, suggesting that in-vehicle characteristics of public transport modes, such us comfort, are perceived as similar by the users. We also found that the value of time is higher for auxiliary modes than for the main mode, and that the unobserved preference for metro is highest and the preference for light rail lowest. These are empirical findings for the transport system of Stockholm, and whether these findings can be generalised to other cities is an empirical matter. However, the methodology developed in the present paper provides the possibility to investigate these issues further.

LATEST NEWS


2017-11-30

Millions for research into maritime transport and the environment

Maritime transport is a major source of emissions of harmful air pollutants and carbon dioxide. In a new project, a research team from the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) and the University of Gothenburg has received SEK 6.4...


2017-11-30

New research programme for more efficient travel

The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) is playing an important role in a major new research programme to find radical solutions leading to fewer trips and more efficient travel, along with tools to enable better use of roads and...


2017-11-30

Simulator used to practice emergency responses safely

Emergency responses of the police, ambulance, and rescue services are associated with a high risk of accidents, but practicing them in real traffic is neither safe nor permissible. A simulator-based method developed by the Swedish National Road and Transport...


2017-10-26

Simulation of cut-in by manually driven vehicles in platooning scenarios

A study in a VTI-driving simulator has showed that a platoon will be able to handle a cut in from a manually driven car. The results of this study have recently been presented at two conferences in Japan.


2017-10-16

ERPUG Forum

The five-year anniversary of European Road Profile Users' Group (ERPUG) Forum will take place at Ramboll head quarter, Copenhagen, Denmark October 19-20, 2017.


2017-09-29

Self-driving buses in Sweden next year?

A self-driving, fossil-free bus. This idea might become reality through a forthcoming collaborative project involving the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping University and several other participants. The project group aim...