Biogas för tunga lastbilstransporter: barriärer och möjligheter

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Hannele Johansson
Lovisa Uhlin
Åslög Kantelius

This report presents an in-depth study of barriers and opportunities regarding the commercialization of biogas, and particularly liquified biogas (LBG), for heavy trucks on a larger scale and how these challenges can be overcome. In the study we also identify key actors and other stakeholders in Sweden as well as under what circumstances they dare to invest in the biogas technology. To study the research questions a literature review as well as interviews and workshops with important actors were conducted. The results indicate that biogas is a fuel option that can contribute to reduced carbon dioxide emissions. Energy security and a circular economy are mentioned as important driving forces. The fact that new LBG trucks are now available on the market and that new policy instruments have come into force are also seen as opportunities. The absence of long-term, stable policy instruments and regulations, as well as high prices and costs for production, vehicles and gas are considered to be the main obstacles. Other barriers are lack of knowledge in the area, and that today’s renewable fuels are competing instead of complementing each other.

There is a need for increased long-term regulatory frameworks that will benefit the most sustainable renewable fuels available today. It is also necessary to make sure that Swedish policies are harmonized with other policies in EU in a better way than the policies that have existed until today. There is also a need for more support systems, for example systems that favor the production of biogas, investment support for the vehicles that best fulfil climate and other environmental objectives, as well as support that includes the secondary market for the LBG vehicles to develop the market towards a more environmentally sustainable transport sector. Information efforts are also needed to inform about biogas in relation to other fuel options for heavy trucks, as well as information about that, and where, LBG fuel stations exist. Furthermore, demonstration projects that show vehicles on the roads as well as contribute to infrastructure development could help spread knowledge and demonstrate that the technology works and by doing so contributing to the development of the LBG market.

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