Attitudes towards traffic safety, risk perception and behaviour among young Norwegian drivers and their passengers

Download
Torbjörn Rundmo
Paal Ulleberg

During the last few years the frequency of fatal injuries caused by traffic accidents has increased in Norway and this is a threat to public health. Young drivers and their passengers are high-risk groups and accidents amongst adolescents reduce the years of living more than most other threats to human health. Therefore, the Norwegian Authorities of Public Roads prioritize to find measures aimed at reducing the number of health injuries caused by adolescent risk taking in traffic. The present paper shows some results from a study aimed at evaluating the effects of several measures implemented to promote adolescent safe driving behavior in two Norwegian counties. A total of about 4376 respondents have responded to a self-completion questionnaire, including adolescents in the two counties as well as respondents from other counties not taking part in the intervention program. The response rate was 93%. There was a significant change in self-report behavior, attitudes towards traffic safety and risk perception when the group of respondents replying to the questionnaire before exposed to the measures was compared to those who did so after. The number of accidents is also reduced to a greater extent in the two participating counties compared to other Norwegian counties. Multivariate analyses showed significant associations between risk perception, risk-taking attitudes and driving behavior. Model tests showed that assessments of the probability of traffic accidents and concern were insignificant predictors for self-report risk behavior. Worry and emotional reactions related to traffic hazards significantly predicted behavior. Sensation seeking, normlessness, and indifference with regard to traffic safety affected emotion-based risk perception.

MEET US


25-26
Apr

Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) workshop in Stockholm

An open seminar and workshop in Stockholm will be held on 25-26 April 2018. The workshop deals with the use of CBA as a basis for decision-making in the public sector. The workshop is organized by, among others, Professor Jan-Eric Nilsson, VTI.
13-14
Jun

The 6st Humanist Conference

The 6th HUMANIST Conference will take place 13-14 June 2018 in the Hague, The Netherlands. The scope of the conference covers a wide range of topics on Human Factors in Transport. Tania Willstrand and Alexander Eriksson will present their research results.

LATEST NEWS


2018-04-17

VTI will develop simulators for ambulance staff

VTI has initiated a pilot study for paramedics with the Centre for Teaching & Research in Disaster Medicine and Traumatology and Linköping University. The aim is to give ambulance staff the opportunity to practice critical medical tasks in a moving vehicle in...


2018-04-12

Unique electrified road opens in Sweden

The world’s first electrified road recharging the batteries of cars and trucks while driving opened in Sweden. The Swedish Minister for Infrastructure, Tomas Eneroth, was at the formal inauguration of the electrified road on April 11, 2018. VTI is one of 22...


2018-04-11

Swedish road safety spreads internationally

Sweden is a leading country in terms of road safety, and the research conducted by the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has contributed to increased safety. VTI’s remit includes disseminating research results and keeping up to date...


2018-04-06

A greater understanding of cyclists' behaviour

Cyclists are often accused of not following traffic rules and being hooligans on the road. New research shows that there is no support for this perception. "Our observations reveal no such general anarchy" says Sonja Forward, researcher at VTI.


2018-03-28

New technology for road surface measurement tested

VTI has tested a new scanning-laser technology for road surface measurement. The tests show the new technology for comprehensive transverse-profile measurement provides dependable values in measuring transverse profile and rut depth.


2018-03-15

Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018

VTI’s Senior Research Leader Ulf Sandberg has been presented with the TTI Lifetime Achievement Award 2018 for his work on research into tyres and road surface.