Analys av integreringen av jämställdhet i regional transportplanering i Dalarna: Regional systemanalys Dalarna och Länsplan för regional transportinfrastruktur Dalarna 2018–2029

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The aim of the study, which is reported in this publication, was to analyse the integration of the transport policy’s equality objective in the regional transport planning in Dalarna. The project was carried out based on qualitative content analysis of the two documents "Regional system analysis Dalarna - basis for transport infrastructure planning" and "County plan for regional transport infrastructure Dalarna 2018–2029" and interviews with eight key persons who participated in the work processes in developing the two documents. The documents show a good picture of the transport infrastructure in the region, but a quite general picture of the population – there is some statistics but no distribution between different population groups. The researchers suggest that the knowledge that exists about the transport infrastructure and the population regionally, should be used more systematically to analyse different groups (such as women and men, older and younger) as transport users, their power of the transport system and their opportunities to influence their own mobility. It appears from the interviews that both gender equality and diversity mainstreaming are perceived as difficult in regional transport planning and that more knowledge and experience are needed. It is pointed out that there is some knowledge but that there are no structures for how it can be incorporated into the planning process. Some statements indicate that pioneering work is ongoing. Gender equality and diversity are described by some as "new" elements in regional transport infrastructure planning, compared to issues such as accessibility, growth and the environment. Interviewees said they lacked developed routines for integrating gender equality and diversity into their work processes. Regarding gender equality a clearer focus is required – for example, to integrate gender-disaggregated statistics at regional level and analyses of the region linked to the target formulations at national level (the transport policy and the national gender equality goals). An example of a method could be gender equality impact assessment (GIA), but also a broader social impact assessment (SIA) where different groups are included based on the Discrimination Act.

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