A statistical analysis of traffic reductions in developed countries: The role of medical technology

Robert B Noland

Over the past 30 years developed countries have seen a remarkable decrease in the total number of fatalities associated with traffic accidents. This has occurred despite the large growth in the total number of kilometers traveled by private vehicles and increases in population. Many pro-active policies are often attributed with leading to this reduction. One factor, infrequently cited as a source of reduce fatalities is the increased knowledge and technology associated with medical care. This paper examines various proxy measures for improvements in medical care and technology and their impact on traffic fatalities. The ability of medical practitioners to treat numerous conditions has increased dramatically over the last 30 years, but has also shown some variation between countries. The analyses in this paper estimates models that include proxies for medical technology improvement and show that some of these factors have had a statistically significant impact on reducing total traffic-related fatalities

MEET US


25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.

LATEST NEWS


2018-11-19

Report regarding government commission on the costs of traffic to society has been submitted

Since 2013, the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has had several government commissions to produce documentation on the costs to society caused by traffic. On 1 November 2018, the agency reported its latest commission, Samkost 3....


2018-10-29

International standardisation efforts have many advantages

VTI participates in several international standardisation committees. The work is important because it helps to ensure that standards can be adapted to Swedish conditions and it also provides access to valuable contacts and networks.


2018-10-24

China wants to work with the best

Through the CTS cooperation, VTI is gaining valuable research contacts with China. The country is facing major challenges in the field of road safety but also has enormous potential.


2018-10-23

VTI participated in conference on electric roads

Systems with electrified roads are a relatively new concept and many projects have been launched in recent years. To stimulate the transfer of knowledge and collaboration, the Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged its second...


2018-10-18

ADAS&ME is tackling the interaction between people and technology

ADAS&ME is a major EU project focused on automation, the human condition and the human environment. The budget is EUR 9.6 million and VTI is the coordinator.


2018-10-05

Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...