A lane-change scenario developed for assessment of active safety and ADAS in heavy vehicles: evaluated in a driving simulator study

Download
Peter Nilsson
Leo Laine

The aim of this project was to develop a lane-change scenario for driving simulators to analyse the characteristics of lane-change manoeuvres performed with heavy vehicles.

The definition of the lane-change scenario was based on a literature review, and an investigation of lane-change accidents in Sweden.

A lane-change manoeuvre is in the literature typically described by accepted gap at the initiation of the manoeuvre as well as duration of the manoeuvre and speed during the manoeuvre. The literature review showed that there is a lack of real-world data regarding lane-change manoeuvres with heavy vehicles. The data that exist are collected mainly in the US and for discretionary lane changes, and a distinction between sizes of heavy vehicles is rarely made. Regarding accidents involving heavy vehicles on European level, there is a general lack of useful and reliable accident data. The most comprehensive data are available from the US and show that lane-change accidents account for a large share of accidents involving heavy vehicles.

The investigation of lane-change accidents was made in the Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition (STRADA), on 10 500 police-reported accidents with heavy vehicles involved during the years 2003 to 2013. In STRADA, lane-change accidents are categorized together with overtaking accidents. Therefore, it is not possible to identify lane-change accidents and their share of heavyvehicle accidents directly from STRADA. Instead, lane-change accidents were identified by reading the accident narratives for overtaking accident and rear-end accidents (in total 5 612 accidents). Rearend accidents were included because the manner of collision may resemble lane-change collisions.

MEET US


20
Mar

Lunch seminar in transport economics

Professor Stef Proost, KU Leuven presents "What Role for Electric Vehicles in Decarbonizing the Car Sector in the EU?"
16-18
Oct

European Road Profile User's Group, ERPUG

Welcome to the sixth ERPUG meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania. 
25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.

LATEST NEWS


2019-02-14

VTI’s simulators are being used for emergency vehicles

Better accessibility and shorter response times for emergency vehicles – this is something that standardised, directed, traffic messages, transmitted over the 5G network can contribute. Within the EU project Nordic Way 2, a functioning prototype of such a...


2019-02-12

Modal shift - a way to achieve the environmental objectives

Shifting freight transports from road to rail and water can contribute to achieving the Swedish environmental and climate objectives by 2030. How this could be done is something that VTI researchers and researchers from Gothenburg University are investigating...


2018-11-19

Report regarding government commission on the costs of traffic to society has been submitted

Since 2013, the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI) has had several government commissions to produce documentation on the costs to society caused by traffic. On 1 November 2018, the agency reported its latest commission, Samkost 3....


2018-10-29

International standardisation efforts have many advantages

VTI participates in several international standardisation committees. The work is important because it helps to ensure that standards can be adapted to Swedish conditions and it also provides access to valuable contacts and networks.


2018-10-24

China wants to work with the best

Through the CTS cooperation, VTI is gaining valuable research contacts with China. The country is facing major challenges in the field of road safety but also has enormous potential.


2018-10-23

VTI participated in conference on electric roads

Systems with electrified roads are a relatively new concept and many projects have been launched in recent years. To stimulate the transfer of knowledge and collaboration, the Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged its second...