A driving simulator evaluation of road markings and symbolic signs on vehicle-pedestrian conflicts

Download
Radhameris A Gómez
Siby Samuel
Matthew R. E. Romoser
Luis Roman Gerardino
Michael Knodler
John Collura
Donald L Fisher

Pedestrians are amongst the most vulnerable of road users. A common way of accommodating pedestrians at non-signalized intersections is through the use of mid-block crosswalks. Pedestrian crashes at marked mid-block crosswalks are often no less frequent than at unmarked mid-block crosswalks.

The risk to pedestrians is especially high when a driver’s view of pedestrians in a crosswalk is obstructed as the driver approaches the crosswalk creating a multi-threat situation for the pedestrian. Such a situation is too risky to study on the open road, but not on a driving simulator. Among the most effective and least costly of the safety alternatives are advance yield markings. This study uses a driving simulator to evaluate vehicle-pedestrian conflicts in sight-limited scenarios with advance yield markings and “Yield Here to Pedestrians” symbol signs as well as the standard crosswalk treatments and signs. Measures of drivers’ performance include actual crashes as well as the drivers’ glancing behavior to determine if the drivers approaching a marked midblock crosswalk look for pedestrians in the crosswalk more frequently and sooner in high risk, multiple-threat scenarios when advance yield markings and prompts are present than when standard markings and prompts are used. The results suggest that fewer crashes occur with advance yield markings. And we find that drivers look much more frequently and much sooner for pedestrians with advance yield markings. Uses and limitations surrounding the development of scenarios on a driving simulator and the advantages and limitations of using driving simulation to study problems such as this are discussed.

MEET US


5-6
Dec

Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region

The conference Vision Zero for Sustainable Road Safety in the Baltic Sea Region is held i Vilnius, Lithuania. VTI is part of the organisation committé and also one of the speakers.
25-27
Aug

ICTTP 2020

ICTTP, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, is held in Gothenburg, Sweden.

LATEST NEWS


2018-10-29

International standardisation efforts have many advantages

VTI participates in several international standardisation committees. The work is important because it helps to ensure that standards can be adapted to Swedish conditions and it also provides access to valuable contacts and networks.


2018-10-24

China wants to work with the best

Through the CTS cooperation, VTI is gaining valuable research contacts with China. The country is facing major challenges in the field of road safety but also has enormous potential.


2018-10-23

VTI participated in conference on electric roads

Systems with electrified roads are a relatively new concept and many projects have been launched in recent years. To stimulate the transfer of knowledge and collaboration, the Research and Innovation Platform for Electric Roads arranged its second...


2018-10-18

ADAS&ME is tackling the interaction between people and technology

ADAS&ME is a major EU project focused on automation, the human condition and the human environment. The budget is EUR 9.6 million and VTI is the coordinator.


2018-10-05

Users contribute to the development of train simulators

Apart from advanced driving simulators, VTI has developed several variations of train simulators which are used for training, education and research. In recent years, interest has increased drastically among major actors in the railway sector, and VTI has...


2018-10-03

VR study to contribute to a better working environment for bus drivers

A study where bus drivers test autonomous driving in a VR environment may contribute to a better working environment with reduced stress on the driver and safer driving.