A cost-minimisation principle of adaptation of private car use in response to road pricing schemes

Publisher's full text
Peter Loukopoulos
Tommy Gärling
Cecilia Jakobsson
Satoshi Fujii

In this chapter, a theoretical framework is proposed with the aim of understanding reduction or changes in private car use in response to road pricing. It is argued that economic disincentives may activate car-use reduction or change goals in individuals and households. However, for car-use reduction or change goals to occur, other travel demand management measures are needed that make alternative travel options attractive. A review and classification of these other measures is provided followed by an assessment of their potential effectiveness.

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