Resarch areas

Bus drivers' working environment

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R557

Authors: Selina Mårdh

At the assignment of the Swedish Road Administration, VTI has performed a study on “The working environment of bus drivers”.
The aim of the study was to describe the working environment of bus drivers according to contemporary research. The result of the study is supposed to act as basis for future development of the working environment of bus drivers.
The study comprises the following three parts:
• Part one – An introductory interview study with bus driver employers.
• Part two – A literature review on recent research on bus drivers’ working environment.
• Part ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system
Vehicle technology

  • Published: 2006-11-08
  • VTI-code: R557

Buy press version
160 SEK

HIDE

The SARTRE 3 Tables – Another set of opinions about traffic and traffic safety of European drivers

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R541/541A

Authors: Sven Dahlstedt

SARTRE is an acronym for the project "Social Attitudes to Road Traffic Risk in Europe", which implies a collaboration between a number of organisations in the field of traffic safety and road traffic research in Europe to carry out coordinated surveys. The first phase of the project started in the early 90's and then it included about 16 countries in Western and Central Europe.

In the third round of the continued Sartre project, reported here, new interviews were conducted with European drivers to study their attitudes to traffic and traffic safety. This time the questionnaire ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system
Traffic safety

  • Published: 2006-09-19
  • VTI-code: R541/541A

Buy press version
300 SEK

HIDE

Children’s perspective on safety and security in school transportation

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R548

Authors: Jonna Nyberg , Torbjörn Falkmer , Kerstin Elkehag , Charlotta Elm , Pamela Gustafson , Anna Lövgren , Pia Åkerberg , Anna Anund

School transportation should be safe, secure and accessible for all children entitled to such transportation, regardless of any disability. On a daily basis, 440,000 children utilise school transportation, several thousands of them having some sort of disability. Laws, rules and regulations concerning school transportation do not take the children’s perspective into account. Moreover, they do not explicitly define where and when a school transport actually starts and ends. For these reasons, more knowledge was needed in order to fully understand why school transportation incidents take place. ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system
Traffic safety

  • Published: 2006-09-06
  • VTI-code: R548

Buy press version
300 SEK

HIDE

Road and road surface design for safety, comfort and health – A pilot study

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
N29-2006

Authors: Anita Ihs , Selina Mårdh , Leif Sjögren , Peter Andrén

During summer 2002 a special directive about employees’ health and security at exposure to risks due to vibrations during work, also called “Physical agents vibration directive” (Directive 2002/44/EC), was adopted by the EC. The member states had until July 6th 2005 to transfer the directive into the national legislation.
Certainly the condition of parts of the road network can be such that the vibration levels that professional drivers are exposed to exceed the limits that are given in the vibration directive. VTI has therefore been commissioned to carry out a pilot study including a ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system
Infrastructure maintenance

  • Published: 2006-09-01
  • VTI-code: N29-2006

Buy press version
100 SEK

HIDE

Mobility and travel patterns among foreign-born in Swedish traffic environment

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R546

Authors: Susanne Gustafsson , Jonna Nyberg , Catharina Lewin

Approximately 12% of Sweden’s inhabitants were born in another country. The proportion of foreign-born that possess driver’s licences and vehicles is lower than among Swedish-born, which limits the ability to travel among this group. This is one important result of the present study, which was financed by the Swedish Road Administration. The aim of this study was to increase knowledge concerning the situation for foreign-born in the Swedish transportation system and analyze their mobility and travel patterns. The results are based on a literature review, register data, group interviews as ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system

  • Published: 2006-06-27
  • VTI-code: R546

Buy press version
160 SEK

HIDE

The perceptions of young people as regards what characterises a safe driver, and the formulation of driving instruction

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R537

Authors: Inger Engström , Jonna Nyberg

This study had three objectives. The first was to find the variation of perceptions as
regards what characterises a safe driver, between those young people who are learning
to drive, and those who have recently acquired driving licences. The second objective
was to find the variation of perceptions in the same two groups as with the first
objective, as regards how driving instruction should be formulated, i.e. how the young
people consider one should learn to become a safe driver. The third and final objective
was to make a comparison between the young learner ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system
Traffic safety

  • Published: 2006-05-29
  • VTI-code: R537

Buy press version
160 SEK

HIDE

Effects of cognitive and visual load in real and simulated driving

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R533A

Authors: Åsa Forsman , Joakim Östlund , Jan Törnros , Lena Nilsson

A simulator and a field experiment were conducted to study the effects of visual and cognitive distraction on driving performance, and also to assess the validity of the VTI simulator as a tool for studying the effects of distraction. The simulator experiment was conducted in the VTI Driving Simulator II and included motorway and rural road driving. The field experiment was conducted in an instrumented Volvo S80 car and included motorway driving only. 48 persons participated in the simulator experiment, and 24 in the field experiment. Visual load was imposed using a visual detection task and ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system

  • Published: 2006-04-26
  • VTI-code: R533A

Buy press version
160 SEK

HIDE

Traffic violations – a review of the literature

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R534

Authors: Sonja Forward , Catharina Lewin

For some years researchers tried to explain accidents by focusing on limitations of the
drivers. As a consequence of this the main effort was to improve driver skills and try to
make the task itself less demanding. However, in recent years it has been argued that the
solution to the problem lies not in what drivers can or cannot do but what they intend to
do. Human failures have been divided into three types: violations (e.g., speeding,
drinking and driving) errors (e.g., failing to see or misjudgements); and lapses (forgetfulness)
and it is violations, rather ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system
Traffic safety

  • Published: 2006-04-24
  • VTI-code: R534

Buy press version
160 SEK

HIDE

A model for forecasting young people’s propensity to take driving licence

Year:
2006
VTI-code:
R511

Authors: Per Henriksson , Hans-Åke Cedersund

The propensity of young people to take driving licence was rather consistent up until 1990. Around 1990, the behaviour of young people changed in many respects. They continued living at home for a longer period of time, they became established later and with less favourable conditions of employment in working life, they studied to a greater extent and, above all, studied longer, they started families later (Salonen, 2003; SCB, 2005). A sign of the times was that they also put off taking driving licence.

A requirement for methods of forecasting the number of those taking driving ...

Go to the publication
 
 

Research area

People in the transport system

  • Published: 2006-03-23
  • VTI-code: R511

Buy press version
100 SEK

HIDE